Every company that has been hacked will undoubtedly find a buyer.
Recently, it was discovered that the financially driven Gold Melody group is an initial access broker (IAB) who sells third-party cybercriminals access to infected organizations so they can launch follow-on attacks.
Researchers at Secureworks gave the group the moniker "Gold Melody," but CrowdStrike and Mandiant also refer to it as "Prophet Spider" and "UNC961."
Secureworks claims that Gold Melody hackers have been active since 2017 and are experts at breaking into organizations using flaws in unpatched servers that are connected to the Internet.
Instead of acting in the best interests of governmental organizations, this group's attacks are primarily driven by financial considerations and profit-making objectives.
Attacks on JBoss Messaging, Citrix ADC, Oracle WebLogic, Apache Log4j, GitLab, and other systems have previously been connected to Gold Melody.
In the middle of 2020, the group's operational area was expanded. Organizations in the retail, healthcare, energy, financial transactions, and high technology sectors were the targets of the attacks. Western Asia, North America, and Northern Europe were now part of the geography.
Mandiant analysts point out that UNC961's actions frequently come before the release of ransomware like Maze and Egregor. Gold Melody uses a wide variety of tools, including its own Trojans and remote access programs like GOTROJ and BARNWORK.
Secureworks connected Gold Melody to five distinct intrusions that took advantage of entirely different vulnerabilities between July 2020 and July 2022. Following successful system penetration, web shells are typically used to hold the line before directories are created on the compromised host to house the tools needed for subsequent attacks.
The exploration stage lays the groundwork for data inference, lateral movement, and account mining. Once it has been put into place, the group can sell access to additional attackers who have their own ideas for the chosen company.
Notably, Secureworks linked the group to five Gold Melody attacks from 2020 to 2022, all of which ultimately failed. Despite this, the researchers stress that Gold Melody's actions and practices serve as a reminder of the significance of maintaining the most recent versions of software in use in organizations.
Most vulnerabilities that attackers exploit have patches available very quickly, but businesses themselves take their time installing those patches on their systems. And cunning hackers are powerless to stop themselves when they come across such tempting and exposed targets online.